In Brazil, Solid Waste Disposal Sites have operated without consideration of environmental criteria, these areas being characterized by methane (CH4) emissions during the anaerobic degradation of organic matter. The United Nations organization has made efforts to control this situation, through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol, where projects that seek to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) can be financially rewarded through Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) if they respect the requirements established by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), such as the use of methodologies approved by the CDM Executive Board (CDM-EB). Thus, a methodology was developed according to the CDM standards related to the aeration, excavation and composting of closed Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfills, which was submitted to CDM-EB for assessment and, after its approval, applied to a real case study in Maringa City (Brazil) with a view to avoiding negative environmental impacts due the production of methane and leachates even after its closure. This paper describes the establishment of this CDM-EB-approved methodology to determine baseline emissions, project emissions and the resultant emission reductions with the application of appropriate aeration, excavation and composting practices at closed MSW landfills. A further result obtained through the application of the methodology in the landfill case study was that it would be possible to achieve an ex-ante emission reduction of 74,013 tCO(2) equivalent if the proposed CDM project activity were implemented.
[Janke, Leandro; Lima, Andre O. S.; Radetski, Claudemir M.] Univ Vale Itajai, Lab Remediacao Ambiental, Itajai, SC, Brazil; [Millet, Maurice] Univ Strasbourg, Lab Mat Surfaces & Proc Catalyse, CNRS UMR 7515, Strasbourg, France
Radetski, CM (reprint author), Univ Vale Itajai, Lab Remediacao Ambiental, Itajai, SC, Brazil.
- Institut de Chimie et Procédés pour l'Energie, l'Environnement et la Santé (ICPEES), UMR7515