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Title

ITCZ and ENSO-like pacing of Nile delta hydro-geomorphology during the Holocene

Publication Year

2012

Author(s)
  • Marriner, Nick
  • Flaux, Clement
  • Kaniewski, David
  • Morhange, Christophe
  • Leduc, Guillaume
  • Moron, Vincent
  • Chen, Zhongyuan
  • Gasse, Francoise
  • Empereur, Jean-Yves
  • Stanley, Jean-Daniel
Source
QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS Volume: 45 Pages: 73-84 Published: 2012
ISSN
0277-3791
Abstract

The Nile valley accommodates the world's longest river and shaped the development of numerous complex societies, providing a reliable source of water for farming and linking populations to sub-Saharan Africa and the Mediterranean Sea. Its fertile delta lay at the heart of ancient Egyptian civilization, however little is known of its morpho-sedimentary response to basin-wide changes in Holocene hydrology. Here, we present two well-resolved records from the Nile delta (based on similar to 320 radiocarbon dates) to reconstruct the timing and rhythm of catchment-scale modifications during the past 8000 years. On the orbital timescale, we demonstrate that Nilotic hydrology and sedimentation have responded to low-latitude insolation forcing while, on sub-millennial timescales, many of the major phases of deltaic modification were mediated by climate events linked to El Nino Southern Oscillation-type (ENSO) variability. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Nile
  • Delta
  • Holocene climate change
  • ITCZ
  • ENSO
  • Civilizations
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • NORTH-ATLANTIC CLIMATE
  • LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM
  • AFRICAN RAINFALL
  • DIATOM RECORD
  • EAST-AFRICA
  • SUDAN
  • MONSOON
  • EVOLUTION
  • SAHARA
  • VARIABILITY
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Environment/Ecology
  • Geosciences
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Geography, Physical
  • Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Adress(es)

[Marriner, Nick; Gasse, Francoise] CEREGE UMR 7330, CNRS, F-13545 Aix En Provence 04, France; [Flaux, Clement; Morhange, Christophe; Moron, Vincent] Univ Aix Marseille, CEREGE UMR 7330, F-13545 Aix En Provence 04, France; [Kaniewski, David] Univ Toulouse 3, EcoLab Lab Ecol Fonct, F-31062 Toulouse 9, France; [Leduc, Guillaume] Univ Kiel, Inst Earth Sci, D-24118 Kiel, Germany; [Moron, Vincent] Columbia Univ, Int Res Inst Climate & Soc, New York, NY USA; [Chen, Zhongyuan] E China Normal Univ, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China; [Empereur, Jean-Yves] CNRS, UMS 1812, Ctr Etudes Alexandrines, Alexandria 21131, Egypt; [Stanley, Jean-Daniel] Smithsonian Inst, Geoarchaeol Program, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC 20013 USA

Reprint Adress

Marriner, N (reprint author), CEREGE UMR 7330, CNRS, BP 80, F-13545 Aix En Provence 04, France.

Country(ies)
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Germany
  • People's Republic of China
  • United States
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Centre européen de recherche et d'enseignement de géosciences de l'environnement (CEREGE), UMR7330
  • Laboratoire d'écologie fonctionnelle et environnement (ECOLAB), UMR5245
Accession Number
WOS:000306983200007
uid:/SJQQ5DC9
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