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Title

Did fires drive Holocene carbon sequestration in boreal ombrotrophic peatlands of eastern Canada?

Publication Year

2012

Author(s)
  • van Bellen, Simon
  • Garneau, Michelle
  • Ali, Adam A.
  • Bergeron, Yves
Source
QUATERNARY RESEARCH Volume: 78 Issue: 1 Pages: 50-59 Published: 2012
ISSN
0033-5894 eISSN: 1096-0287
Abstract

Wildfire is an important factor on carbon sequestration in the North American boreal biomes. Being globally important stocks of organic carbon, peatlands may be less sensitive to burning in comparison with upland forests, especially wet unforested ombrotrophic ecosystems as found in northeastern Canada. We aimed to determine if peatland fires have driven carbon accumulation patterns during the Holocene. To cover spatial variability, six cores from three peatlands in the Eastmain region of Quebec were analyzed for stratigraphic charcoal accumulation. Results show that regional Holocene peatland fire frequency was similar to 2.4 fires 1000 yr(-1), showing a gradually declining trend since 4000 cal yr BP, although inter- and intra-peatland variability was very high. Charcoal peak magnitudes, however, were significantly higher between 1400 and 400 cal yr BP, possibly reflecting higher charcoal production driven by differential climatic forcing aspects. Carbon accumulation rates generally declined towards the late-Holocene with minimum values of similar to 10 g m(-2) r(-1) around 1500 cal yr BP. The absence of a clear correlation between peatland fire regimes and carbon accumulation indicates that fire regimes have not been a driving factor on carbon sequestration at the millennial time scale. (C) 2012 University of Washington. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Peat
  • Quebec
  • Charcoal analysis
  • Neoglacial
  • Bog
  • Accumulation
  • CharAnalysis
  • Threshold
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • SEDIMENT-CHARCOAL RECORDS
  • CLIMATE-CHANGE
  • ACCUMULATION RATES
  • ORGANIC-MATTER
  • MACROSCOPIC CHARCOAL
  • FOREST-FIRES
  • SOURCE AREA
  • HISTORY
  • QUEBEC
  • PERMAFROST
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Environment/Ecology
  • Geosciences
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Geography, Physical
  • Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Adress(es)

[van Bellen, Simon] Univ Aberdeen, Sch Geosci, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, Scotland; [Garneau, Michelle] Univ Quebec, DECLIQUE UQAM Hydroquebec Chair, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada; [Garneau, Michelle] Univ Quebec, Dept Geog GEOTOP, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada; [Ali, Adam A.] Univ Montpellier 2, Inst Bot, Ctr Bioarcheol & Ecol, F-34090 Montpellier, France; [Ali, Adam A.; Bergeron, Yves] Univ Quebec Abitibi Temiscamingue, NSERC UQAT UQAM Ind Chair Sustainable Forest Mana, Rouyn Noranda, PQ J9X 5E4, Canada

Reprint Adress

van Bellen, S (reprint author), Univ Aberdeen, Sch Geosci, Elphinstone Rd, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, Scotland.

Country(ies)
  • Canada
  • France
  • United Kingdom
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Centre de bio-archéologie et d'écologie (CBAE), UMR5059
Accession Number
WOS:000306096200005
uid:/P8VDL6HH
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