The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) provides an institutional framework for developed countries to support projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Are the technologies promoted those most needed by the recipient countries? We address this question by first reviewing Technology Needs Assessments prepared by developing countries, and then comparing the stated needs to the technologies most frequently promoted via CDM. While there appears to be a good match between requested technologies and those used in CDM, desired technologies such as solar energy for remote locations, biofuels, improved cooking stoves, and efficient lighting appear neglected by CDM. Nonetheless, a review of costs for these technologies suggests that many could be cost effective for developing countries. For projects requiring wide dispersal of household items, such as cooking stoves or lighting, the administrative burdens of CDM provide a hurdle. In other cases, difficulties quantifying the ancillary benefits of these projects hinder the promotion of these technologies. We conclude with possible explanations for why these technologies are neglected and suggestions for future research. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
[Kim, Jung Eun] Syracuse Univ, Ctr Environm Policy Adm, Syracuse, NY 13244 USA; [Popp, David] Syracuse Univ, Dept Publ Adm, Ctr Policy Res, Maxwell Sch, Syracuse, NY 13244 USA; [Popp, David] Natl Bur Econ Res, Res Associate, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA; [Prag, Andrew] Org Econ Cooperat & Dev, Environm Directorate, F-75775 Paris 16, France
Popp, D (reprint author), Syracuse Univ, Dept Publ Adm, Ctr Policy Res, Maxwell Sch, 426 Eggers Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244 USA.