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Title

Climate change and timing of avian breeding and migration: evolutionary versus plastic changes

Publication Year

2014

Author(s)
  • Charmantier, Anne
  • Gienapp, Phillip
Source
EVOLUTIONARY APPLICATIONS Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 15-28 Published: 2014
ISSN
1752-4571
Abstract

There are multiple observations around the globe showing that in many avian species, both the timing of migration and breeding have advanced, due to warmer springs. Here, we review the literature to disentangle the actions of evolutionary changes in response to selection induced by climate change versus changes due to individual plasticity, that is, the capacity of an individual to adjust its phenology to environmental variables. Within the abundant literature on climate change effects on bird phenology, only a small fraction of studies are based on individual data, yet individual data are required to quantify the relative importance of plastic versus evolutionary responses. While plasticity seems common and often adaptive, no study so far has provided direct evidence for an evolutionary response of bird phenology to current climate change. This assessment leads us to notice the alarming lack of tests for microevolutionary changes in bird phenology in response to climate change, in contrast with the abundant claims on this issue. In short, at present we cannot draw reliable conclusions on the processes underlying the observed patterns of advanced phenology in birds. Rapid improvements in techniques for gathering and analysing individual data offer exciting possibilities that should encourage research activity to fill this knowledge gap.

Author Keyword(s)
  • bird
  • climate change
  • evolution
  • phenology
  • phenotypic plasticity
  • selection
  • timing of breeding
  • timing of migration
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • WILD BIRD POPULATION
  • TIT PARUS-MAJOR
  • QUANTITATIVE-GENETIC-ANALYSIS
  • SPRING ARRIVAL DATE
  • PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY
  • GREAT TIT
  • NATURAL-SELECTION
  • REACTION NORMS
  • COMMON TERNS
  • LAYING DATE
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Biology & Biochemistry
  • Plant & Animal Science
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Evolutionary Biology
Adress(es)

[Charmantier, Anne] UMR 5175, Ctr Ecol Fonctionnelle & Evolut, F-34293 Montpellier 5, France; [Gienapp, Phillip] Netherlands Inst Ecol NIOO KNAW, Dept Anim Ecol, Wageningen, Netherlands

Reprint Adress

Charmantier, A (reprint author), UMR 5175, Ctr Ecol Fonctionnelle & Evolut, Campus CNRS,1919 Route Mende, F-34293 Montpellier 5, France.

Country(ies)
  • France
  • Netherlands
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE), UMR5175
Accession Number
WOS:000332699400002
uid:/FL7S5G8X
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