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Title

Climate change and nutrition: Creating a climate for nutrition security

Publication Year

2013

Author(s)
  • Tirado, M. C.
  • Crahay, P.
  • Mahy, L.
  • Zanev, C.
  • Neira, M.
  • Msangi, S.
  • Brown, R.
  • Scaramella, C.
  • Coitinho, D. Costa
  • Mueller, A.
Source
FOOD AND NUTRITION BULLETIN Volume: 34 Issue: 4 Pages: 533-547 Published: 2013
ISSN
0379-5721 eISSN: 1564-8265
Abstract

Background: Climate change further exacerbates the enormous existing burden of undernutrition. It affects food and nutrition security and undermines current efforts to reduce hunger and promote nutrition. Undernutrition in turn undermines climate resilience and the coping strategies of vulnerable populations. Objectives: The objectives of this paper are to identify and undertake a cross-sectoral analysis of the impacts of climate change on nutrition security and the existing mechanisms, strategies, and policies to address them. Methods: A cross-sectoral analysis of the impacts of climate change on nutrition security and the mechanisms and policies to address them was guided by an analytical framework focused on the three 'underlying causes' of undernutrition: 1) household food access, 2) maternal and child care and feeding practices, 3) environmental health and health access. The analytical framework includes the interactions of the three underlying causes of undernutrition with climate change,vulnerability, adaptation and mitigation. Results: Within broad efforts on climate change mitigation and adaptation and climate-resilient development, a combination of nutrition-sensitive adaptation and mitigation measures, climate-resilient and nutrition-sensitive agricultural development, social protection, improved maternal and child care and health, nutrition-sensitive risk reduction and management, community development measures, nutrition-smart investments, increased policy coherence, and institutional and cross-sectoral collaboration are proposed as a means to address the impacts of climate change to food and nutrition security. This paper proposes policy directions to address nutrition in the climate change agenda and recommendations for consideration by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Conclusions: Nutrition and health stakeholders need to be engaged in key climate change adaptation and mitigation initiatives, including science-based assessment by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and policies and actions formulated by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Improved multi-sectoral coordination and political will is required to integrate nutrition-sensitive actions into climate-resilient sustainable development efforts in the UNFCCC work and in the post 2015 development agenda. Placing human rights at the center of strategies to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change and international solidarity is essential to advance sustainable development and to create a climate for nutrition security.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Adaptation
  • agriculture
  • climate change
  • diets
  • food security
  • health
  • nutrition
  • mitigation
  • undernutrition
  • sustainable
  • risk reduction
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • CHILD UNDERNUTRITION
  • PROTEIN-CONCENTRATION
  • FOOD
  • HEALTH
  • CO2
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Clinical Medicine
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Food Science & Technology
  • Nutrition & Dietetics
Adress(es)

[Tirado, M. C.] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Fielding Sch Publ Hlth, Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA; [Crahay, P.; Brown, R.] Act Contre la Faim Int, Paris, France; [Mahy, L.; Coitinho, D. Costa] UN, Syst Standing Comm Nutr, Geneva, Switzerland; [Zanev, C.; Scaramella, C.] World Food Programme, Rome, Italy; [Neira, M.] WHO, Dept Publ Hlth & Environm, Geneva, Switzerland; [Msangi, S.] Int Food Policy Res Inst, Washington, DC 20036 USA; [Mueller, A.] Inst Adv Sustainabil Studies, Potsdam, Germany

Reprint Adress

Tirado, MC (reprint author), Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Publ Hlth, 2539 Vet Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA.

Country(ies)
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Switzerland
  • United States
CNRS - Adress(es)
    Accession Number
    WOS:000329556100015
    uid:/C0LL4V8S
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