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Title

Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems

Publication Year

2010

Author(s)
  • Lindner, Marcus
  • Maroschek, Michael
  • Netherer, Sigrid
  • Kremer, Antoine
  • Barbati, Anna
  • Garcia-Gonzalo, Jordi
  • Seidl, Rupert
  • Delzon, Sylvain
  • Corona, Piermaria
  • Kolstrom, Marja
  • Lexer, Manfred J.
  • Marchetti, Marco
Conference
Conference on Adaptation of Forests and Forest Management to Changing Climate with Emphasis on Forest Health Date: AUG 25-28, 2008 Location: Umea, SWEDEN
Source
FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT Volume: 259 Issue: 4 Pages: 698-709 Published: 2010
ISSN
0378-1127 eISSN: 1872-7042
Abstract

This study compiles and summarizes the existing knowledge about observed and projected impacts of climate change on forests in Europe. Forests will have to adapt not only to changes in mean climate variables but also to increased variability with greater risk of extreme weather events, such as prolonged drought, storms and floods. Sensitivity, potential impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability to climate change are reviewed for European forests. The most important potential impacts of climate change on forest goods and services are summarized for the Boreal, Temperate Oceanic, Temperate Continental, Mediterranean, and mountainous regions. Especially in northern and western Europe the increasing atmospheric CO2 content and warmer temperatures are expected to result in positive effects on forest growth and wood production, at least in the short-medium term. On the other hand, increasing drought and disturbance risks will cause adverse effects. These negative impacts are very likely to outweigh positive trends in southern and eastern Europe. From west to east, the drought risk increases. In the Mediterranean regions productivity is expected to decline due to strongly increased droughts and fire risks. Adaptive capacity consists of the inherent adaptive capacity of trees and forest ecosystems and of socio-economic factors determining the capability to implement planned adaptation. The adaptive capacity in the forest sector is relatively large in the Boreal and the Temperate Oceanic regions, more constrained by socio-economic factors in the Temperate Continental, and most limited in the Mediterranean region where large forest areas are only extensively managed or unmanaged. Potential impacts and risks are best studied and understood with respect to wood production. It is clear that all other goods and services provided by European forests will also be impacted by climate change, but much less knowledge is available to quantify these impacts. Understanding of adaptive capacity and regional vulnerability to climate change in European forests is not well developed and requires more focussed research efforts. An interdisciplinary research agenda integrated with monitoring networks and projection models is needed to provide information at all levels of decision making, from policy development to the management unit. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Climate change impacts
  • Adaptive capacity
  • Forestry
  • Vulnerability
  • Regional differences
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • PINUS-SYLVESTRIS FORESTS
  • BEETLE IPS-TYPOGRAPHUS
  • GLOBAL CHANGE
  • SCOTS PINE
  • CARBON SEQUESTRATION
  • ELEVATED CO2
  • NE SPAIN
  • FAGUS-SYLVATICA
  • RISK-ASSESSMENT
  • BOREAL FORESTS
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Plant & Animal Science
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Forestry
Adress(es)

[Lindner, Marcus; Garcia-Gonzalo, Jordi; Kolstrom, Marja] EFI, Joensuu 80100, Finland; [Maroschek, Michael; Seidl, Rupert; Lexer, Manfred J.] Univ Nat Resources & Appl Life Sci BOKU Vienna, Dept Forest & Soil Sci, Inst Silviculture, A-1190 Vienna, Austria; [Netherer, Sigrid] BOKU, Inst Forest Entomol Forest Pathol & Forest Protec, Vienna, Austria; [Kremer, Antoine; Delzon, Sylvain] INRA, UMR Biodivers Genes & Communautes, Equipe Genet, Paris, France; [Barbati, Anna; Corona, Piermaria; Marchetti, Marco] Italian Acad Forest Sci, I-50133 Florence, Italy

Reprint Adress

Lindner, M (reprint author), EFI, Torikatu 34, Joensuu 80100, Finland.

Country(ies)
  • Austria
  • Finland
  • France
  • Italy
CNRS - Adress(es)
    Accession Number
    WOS:000275014400004
    uid:/1B476GRD
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