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Title

Consequences of climate change on the tree of life in Europe

Publication Year

2011

Author(s)
  • Thuiller, Wilfried
  • Lavergne, Sebastien
  • Roquet, Cristina
  • Boulangeat, Isabelle
  • Lafourcade, Bruno
  • Araujo, Miguel. B.
Source
NATURE Volume: 470 Issue: 7335 Pages: 531-534 Published: 2011
ISSN
0028-0836
Abstract

Many species are projected to become vulnerable to twenty-first-century climate changes(1,2), with consequent effects on the tree of life. If losses were not randomly distributed across the tree of life, climate change could lead to a disproportionate loss of evolutionary history(3-5). Here we estimate the consequences of climate change on the phylogenetic diversities of plant, bird and mammal assemblages across Europe. Using a consensus across ensembles of forecasts for 2020, 2050 and 2080 and high-resolution phylogenetic trees, we show that species vulnerability to climate change clusters weakly across phylogenies. Such phylogenetic signal in species vulnerabilities does not lead to higher loss of evolutionary history than expected with a model of random extinctions. This is because vulnerable species have neither fewer nor closer relatives than the remaining clades. Reductions in phylogenetic diversity will be greater in southern Europe, and gains are expected in regions of high latitude or altitude. However, losses will not be offset by gains and the tree of life faces a trend towards homogenization across the continent.

Author Keyword(s)
    KeyWord(s) Plus
    • PHYLOGENETIC SIGNAL
    • EXTINCTION RISK
    • BIODIVERSITY
    • PREDICTORS
    • TRAITS
    • NICHE
    ESI Discipline(s)
    • Multidisciplinary
    Web of Science Category(ies)
    • Multidisciplinary Sciences
    Adress(es)

    [Thuiller, Wilfried; Lavergne, Sebastien; Roquet, Cristina; Boulangeat, Isabelle; Lafourcade, Bruno] Univ Grenoble 1, Lab Ecol Alpine, CNRS, UMR 5553, FR-38041 Grenoble 9, France; [Araujo, Miguel. B.] CSIC, Natl Museum Nat Sci, Dept Biodivers & Evolutionary Biol, E-28006 Madrid, Spain; [Araujo, Miguel. B.] Univ Evora, CIBIO, Rui Nabeiro Biodivers Chair, P-7000 Evora, Portugal

    Reprint Adress

    Thuiller, W (reprint author), Univ Grenoble 1, Lab Ecol Alpine, CNRS, UMR 5553, BP 53, FR-38041 Grenoble 9, France.

    Country(ies)
    • France
    • Portugal
    • Spain
    CNRS - Adress(es)
    • Laboratoire d'écologie alpine (LECA), UMR5553
    Accession Number
    WOS:000287652900041
    uid:/056FGJ4B
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